August 21

History events
1321 — (26th of Av, 5081) Jews in France were accused of encouraging lepers to poison Christian wells. Five thousand Jews were killed. At Chinon, 160 Jews were burned in a pit on an island outside of town. Eventually the King, Philip the Tall, admitted that the Jews were innocent. The island is still known as Ile de Juifs (Island of the Jews)
1486 — (20th of Elul, 5246) Volume II of a Mahzor, using the Roman Rite was printed for the first time at Casal Maggiore, Italy
1887 — (1th of Elul, 5647) “Old World News By Cable” published today described a letter from George Blyth, the Anglican Bishop of Jerusalem in which he reports that the Jewish population in Palestine has grown from 15,000 to 42,000 in the past few years
1892 — (28th of Av, 5652) The first train belonging to the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway reached Jerusalem today.
1936 — (3rd of Elul, 5696) Arab gunmen attacked a car filled with five Jews traveling towards Tel Aviv. Seventeen year old Shoshana Laznicki was wound in the attack and three other Jews were killed by the Arabs
1937 — (14th of Elul, 5697) A watchtower was built at Sha’ar Ha-Golan today
1938 — (24th of Av, 5698) Italy banned Jews from teaching in public and high-schools
1942 — (8th of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. The Jewish community at Ozorków, Poland, is destroyed; At Siedlce, Poland, “400 Ukrainians, joined by the Polish police and SS troops, surrounded the ghetto” as they prepared to ship the Jews to Treblinka and/or slaughter the rest of them
1947 — (5th of Elul, 5707) Today, 295 of the large number of Jews and part Jews, who left Berlin for Shanghai in 1939 after “having been told by the Nazi regime to get out” returned to Berlin today.

1811 — (1th of Elul, 5571) Joseph Derenbourg, Orientalist, born
1820 — (11th of Elul, 5580) Haim Farhi who known as the Hakham Haim, a prominent Palestinian Jewish leader in the days of the Ottoman Empire passed away
1940 — (17th of Av, 5700) Leon Trotsky dies as a result of wounds suffered on August 20th at the hands of an assassin working for Stalin
1973 — (23th of Av, 5733) In Moscow, evgenia and Mikhail Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University (MSU) gave birth to Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google
1995 — (25th of Av, 5755) Five Israelis – 26 year old Rivka Cohen, 56 year old Hannah Naeh, 46 year old Joan Davenney, 35 year old Police Chief Superintendent Noam Eisenman — were killed and at least 100 injured including 38 year old Yona Peter Malina who would die ten years later, when an Arab bomb ripped apart a bus in a residential neighborhood of Jerusalem