August 2

History events
1492 — (9th of Av, 5252) Jews expelled from Spain
1675 — (20th of Av, 5435) The «Great Synagogue» was inaugurated in Amsterdam on Rapenburgerstraat. This was a Sephardic synagogue, home to K.K. Talmud Torah, which was a union of Congregations Neveh Shalom founded in 1608 and Bet Yisrael found in 1618
1790 — (22th of Av, 5550) The United States conducts its first census. Out of a population of four million people, there are approximately 2,000 Jews
1819 — (11th of Av, 5579) An anti-Semitic riot breaks out in the city of Wurzberg
1903 — (9th of Av, 5663) Opening of the Bank Leumi’s first branch in Turkish Jaffa
1912 — (19th of Av, 5672) The Jewish Socialist Federation of America whose purposes included the organization of the Jewish Organization of the Jewish Working Class” was officially formed today with offices in New York City
1924 — (2th of Av, 5684) A group of 12 settlers of Ashkenazi origin who received a plot of land from Yehoshua Hankin found Magdiel which would merge with Ramatayim, Hadar and Ramat Hadar in 1964 to form Hod HaSharon
1933 — (10th of Av, 5693) Der Angriff, a newspaper owned by Dr. Paul Josef Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Enlightenment carries a story that Jews are organizing themselves into military units to «attack Germany at the first opportunity»
1941 — (9th of Av, 5701) Over 200 Jews were shot in Kovno on Shabbat
1943 — (1th of Av, 5703) Led by a small group of prisoners using primitive weapons and pistols, inmates at Treblinka attacked the guards and burned down the barracks. Between 300 and 500 prisoners escaped although most of them were either captured or turned over by Polish peasants. Though the revolt did not stop all activities, the German government decided to liquidate the camp, which it did in October
1948 — (22th of Tammuz, 5550) The Israeli Government proclaimed the areas of Jerusalem under Israeli control to be Israeli-occupied territory and appointed Bernard Joseph as Military Governo
1949 — (7th of Av, 5709) Under a plan of the new Israeli government, part of the old city of Beersheba will be flooded as a 500-acre water reservoir for the projected new Negev city on the heights overlooking Beersheba. The reservoir would be formed by damming the Wadi Saba, rocky watercourse through which 10,000,000 cubic meters of rainwater sweep into the Mediterranean every winter

1784 — (11th of Av) Rabbi Simcha ben Abraham Calimani poet and linguist, passed away at Venice
1923 — (20th of Av, 5683) Birthdate of Shimon Peres
1994 — (25th of Av, 5754) Yoram Sakuri, 30, of Kiryat Netafim in Samaria, died of stab wounds suffered when a terrorist broke into his home on July 1st