August 19

History events
1338 — (3st of Elul, 5098) Host desecration riots destroyed the Jewish community of Wolfsberg, Austria. The Jews were accused of having stolen the Eucharist, making it bleed, and trying to burn it. Over 70 Jews were burned at the stake and the community destroyed. The community was never revived
1555 — (2st of Elul, 5315) First printing of Orech Chaim a section of the Shulchan Aruch in Eretz Yisrael. The Shulchan Aruch (The Set Table in English) is a major compilation of Jewish Law created by Rabbi Joseph Caro
1872 — (15st of Av, 5632) In Jerusalem, dedication of Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue which would serve as the Chasidic house of worship until the Arabs demolished it in 1948 that is also known the Nissan Beck Shul in honor of Nisan Beck, the leader of the Chassidic community in Palestine until his death in 1889 who was responsible for the construction of the building under extremely adverse conditions
1881 — (24st of Av, 5641) It was reported today that based on figures collected in Germany, there are 6,139,662 Jews living in the world. Of these, over 5 million live in Europe and slightly more than 300,000 live in America. In Europe Russia, with 2,552,594 has the most Jews and Norway with 34 has the fewest
1938 — (22st of Av, 5698) The Swiss Federal Council ordered the closing of their border to refugees from the Third Reich
1941 — (26st of Av, 5641) Нolocaust. Einsatzkommando 8 as well as local collaborators in Mogilev, Belorussia, kill more than 3000 Jews
1942 — (6st of Elul, 5702) Нolocaust. ….. At the Belzec extermination camp, 700 to 800 Jews herded into a gas chamber wait in torment for nearly three hours until a balky diesel engine can be started and the chamber filled with deadly exhaust; The first large-scale aktion in the Łuck Ghetto took place today” when about 17,000 Jews were rounded up by Nazi Orpo police and the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police during a four-day period, assembled at the square by the pharmacy, and taken in lorries along with women and children, to the Górka Połonka forest on the outskirts of Łuck where they were shot into the prepared trenches
1943 — (18st of Av, 5703) Nir Am “was established today by immigrants from Bessarabia who were members of the Gordonia youth movement
1952 — (28st of Av, 5712) The Knesset voted by 70 to 11 for an increase in the period of compulsory military service to 30 months.
1953 — (8st of Elul, 5713) The Knesset passed a law establishing the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority known as Yad Vashem (a monument and a memorial) which takes it name from a verse from Isaiah
1963 — (29st of Av, 5723) Syrian forces murdered two civilians in Almagor, a moshav north of the Lake Kinneret.
2003 — (21st of Av, 5763) Twenty-three people, including two small children and two infants, were murdered and 134 wounded when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated himself on a #2 Egged bus in Jerusalem’s Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood.

1654 — (16st of Elul, 5414) Gershon Shaul Yom Tov Lipman Heller, «Tosfot Yom Tov» passed away today. He served as chief Rabbi of Prague and of Vienna. His most famous work was a commentary on the Mishnah entitled Tosafot Yom Tov
1800 — (28st of Av, 5560) Michael Beer, German poet, born
1944 — (30st of Av, 5704) Birthdate of Mordechai «Motaleh» Spiegler, the native of Scohi, in the former Soviet Union who became a leading Israeli footballer and manager