April 3

History events
33 — (14th of Nisan, 3793) According to some scholars, the actual date when a Jewish carpenter was crucified by the Romans for inciting rebellion
1287 — (17th of Nisan, 5047) Honorius IV, the Pope who played a key role in the expulsion of the Jews from England passed away. “In November 1286 Pope Honorius wrote to the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, reaffirming the decision of the Lateran Councils. He enlarged on the evils of relations between Christians and Jews and warned of the pernicious consequences of the study of the Jews’ Talmud. The King joined in the dialogue and condemnation by reviving the crimes of ritual murder
1544 — (10th of Nisan, 5304) Charles V, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire confirmed the privileges of Austrian Jews. The Emperor was anti-Jewish and a persecutor of the Marranos. But he was convinced by Josel of Rosheim to condemn the accusations of ritual murder. The fate of Jews under Charles appeared to have been a matter of geography. In 1541 he expelled the Jews from Naples and Flanders he instituted the Inquisition in Portugal in 1543. But in his Germanic holdings, Charles found the Jews to be useful and confirmed their rights in Augsburg, Speyer and Regensburg as well as Austria
1844 — (14th of Nisan, 5604) A newspaper report states that a census was conducted at Constantinople and there were 900,000 people living in the city including 100,000 Jews
1941 — (6th of Nisan, 5701) “Nazis Put New Curbs on Jewish Workers” published today described “a rule that Jewish laborers must not be paid for time spent in air-raid shelters” and another rule stating that “Jews are not entitled to compensation for damage suffered in air raids.”
1942 — (16th of Nisan, 5702) The Final Solution came to Tlumacz also called Tlumach on the second day of Pesach. Tlumach was a town of about seven or eight thousand people, about a third of whom were Jewish. It was one of those places that changed hands several times including being part of the Soviet Union and Hungary. The Germans took control in 1941 and immediately killed off the leading Jews of the area. On April 3, twelve hundred Jews are taken to Belzac Extermination Camp and the remaining three thousand were placed in a ghetto. Later in the war another two thousand Jews were sent to Belzac. This day’s deportations from Augsburg, Germany, emptied the town of Jews, ending a Jewish presence that was established in 1212. They were deported to the Belzec death camp.
1944 — (10th of Nisan, 5704) Moshe Shertok reported to Jerusalem that his negotiations with Oliver Stanley, the British Colonial Secretary had succeeded in creating a breakthrough in the search for a safe haven for Romanian Jews fleeing the Nazis. Henceforth, for an all too brief period of time, “any Jews who reached Istanbul could continue on to Palestine irrespective of Palestine Certificates and quotas in effect because of the 1939 White Paper
1947 — (13th of Nisan, 5707) The HMT Ocean Vigour was damaged by a bomb planted by the Haganah’s Palyam forces while docked at the port of Famagusta. She was a British freighter which had been converted into a caged prison ship used to deport illegal Jewish immigrants who had attempted to enter the Mandate Palestine back to Europe and to prison camps in Cyprus. “The Ocean Vigour was one of 3 ships used by the British authorities in “Operation Oasis” to deport the refugees from the Exodus 1947, most of whom were Holocaust survivors, to Germany. The Haganah commander on the Ocean Vigour was Meier Schwarz. The ship carried 1,464 deportees to Port-de-Bouc near Marseilles and, when they refused to disembark there, on to Hamburg, Germany, where they were forced off by club-wielding British troops.”
1948 — (23th of Adar II, 5708) a ship from Yugoslavia docked at Tel Aviv. Hidden in the ship’s cargo of potatoes and onions were 500 rifles, 200 machine guns and a large quantity of ammunition. Jewish dock workers unloaded the vital supply of munitions and shipped them to the Haganah without being caught by the British; a unit of Palmach fighters captured Al –Qastal, after Mordechai Gazit led a Haganah unit that killed the commander of the Army of the Holy War in their attempt to hold this strategic point
1949 — (4th of Nisan, 5709) Israel and Jordan signed an armistice agreement. This agreement was part of the negotiations held on the island of Rhodes under the auspices of the U.N. and Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Dr. Ralph Bunche. The agreement left the Jordanians in control of the eastern part of Jerusalem and the West Bank. When people speak today of Arab East Jerusalem, they are speaking of a result caused by the Arab Armies forcibly removing the ancient Jewish community from that section of the city; a condition that was in violation of the U.N. resolutions, but which were made a reality by this armistice agreement. The Jordanians never honored the agreements for free, unfettered access to the Hadassah Hospital and Hebrew University Campus on Mt. Scopus.

1546 — (21st of Nisan, 5306) “Rabbi Jacob Berab, leader of a movement to restore the ancient rite of semichah died today at the age of seventy-two.”
1637 — (9th of Nisan, 5397) Rabbi Yosef Hahn, author of “Yosef Ometz”, passed away.
1673 — (17th of Nisan, 5433) Rabbi Reuben Hoeshke Katz of Prague passed away
1681 — (15th of Nisan, 5441) Rabbi Abraham Kalmansk of Lemberg, author of “Eshel Avraham” passed away
1714 — (29th of Nisan, 5474) Italian rabbi David ben Solomon Altaras the author of a Hebrew grammar and editor of daily prayer book passed away today in Venice

1795 — (14th of Nisan, 5555) Hirsch Kalischer, founder of modern Zionism, born, 1795.
1954 — (29th of Adar II, 5714) Aristides de Sousa Mendes, the Portuguese diplomat who risked his life and career to help Jews escape from Hitler’s Europe, passed away
1994 — (22nd of Nisan, 5754) Seventy-five year old Maj. Gen. Aharon Remez, the first commander of the Israeli Air Force, passed away today at the age of 75