April 29

History events
1221 — (6th of Iyar, 4981) Honorius III issued “Ad nostram Noveritis audientiam” a Papal Bull obligating Jews to carry a distinctive badge and forbidding them to hold public office
1882 — (10th of Iyar, 5642) Pogroms returned to Ukraine with an outbreak of anti-Semitic violence at Balta in Podolia Province
1893 — (13th of Iyar, 5653) “Bismarck on Anti-Semitism” published today provided a summary of an interview the German leader gave on his views toward the Jews. Based on his education, he said he “was never a friend of the Jews” which helps to explain why he opposed emancipation in 1847. His views changed in 1869 when Jewish leaders supported his programs for national development. The current reappearance of anti-Semitism following the losses suffered during a period of speculation “is natural” because the people confuse “capitalism with Judaism.”
1938 — (28th of Nisan, 5698) Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Vilna, Poland
1948 — (20th of Nisan, 5708) The Haganah captured the two Arab villages just east of Bat Yam, from which attacks on Jewish road traffic into Tel Aviv had frequently been launched; Following the evacuation by British forces, the Haganah secured the police station at Zemach – a small town at the southern end of the Sea of Galilee, on the Haifa-Damascus road;
Haganah troops occupied the policed fortress at Gesher at the Jordan River crossing of the Haifa-Damascus road.
1953 — (14th of Iyar, 5713) The Jerusalem Post reported that according to the planned new legislation, just placed before the Knesset, the exclusive jurisdiction of the Rabbinical Courts was to be limited to marriage, divorce and alimony. A new Tenants’ Protection Bill, altered in several fundamental respects, was also in preparation
2002 — (17th of Iyar, 5762) Cairo columnist Fatma Abduall Mahmoud declared, “With regard to this Holocaust swindle, many French studies have shown that this is nothing more than a fabrication, a lie and a fraud. But, I personally complain to Hitler, even saying to him from the bottom of my heart, ‘If only you had done it, brother, if only it had really happened, so that the world could sign in relief without their evil and sin.’”

1614 — (20th of Iyar, 5374) Polish Halakhist and Talmudist Joshua ben Alexander HaCohen Falk, author of commentaries on Arba’ah Turim and Shulkhan Arukh passed away today
1793 — (17th of Iyar, 5553) Rabbi Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau passed away. He was an influential authority in halachah (Jewish law). He is best known for the work “Nodah bi-Yehudah,” by which title he is also known
1881 — (30th of Nisan, 5641) Antony Samuel Adam-Salomon, French sculptor, died
1956 — (18th of Iyar, 5716) During a prepared ambush whose perpetrators included “an Egyptian policeman and a Palestinian farmer”, Roi Rotberg, the kibbutz security office at Nahal Oz was shot off his horse, beaten and shot again after which then his body was dragged into Gaza where the post- mortem mutilation included having his eyes gouged out